Maple 2021 Questions and Posts

These are Posts and Questions associated with the product, Maple 2021

macOS 12.3 + Maple 2021.2

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What is solution?

I am using Maple 2021.2 on Ubuntu Linux 20.04 LTS. Sometimes the Maple after start does not show Sig in part of top Maple desktop panel. So I need to restart Maple and 2nd or 3rd start is mostly OK. After that is the situation for some time good.

See attached snapshot... Any idea what is wrong?

The IsSubgraphIsomorphic command accepts either two undirected graphs or two directed graphs as input.  It returns true if G1 is isomorphic to some subgraph of G2. The GraphTheory [IsSubgraphIsomorphic] command was introduced in Maple 2021.

If a graph T is isomorphic to some subgraph T' of  a graph GIsSubgraphIsomorphic(T,G)  will  return true. But there is no option to return T'. That makes it hard to check manually.

I've seen  IsSubgraphIsomorphic behaving strangely lately. I want to check whether K8-P6 contains K7-K3 as its subgraph.

T:=DeleteEdge(CompleteGraph(7),{{1,2},{2,3},{3,1}},inplace= false): 
G:=DeleteEdge(CompleteGraph(8),{{1,2},{2,3},{3,4},{4,5},{5,6}},inplace= false): 
IsSubgraphIsomorphic(T,G)

true

I think theoretically, the result of IsSubgraphIsomorphic is not correct. I also tested it from Mathematica, and it worked as I expected.

h = EdgeDelete[ CompleteGraph[7], {1 <-> 2, 2 <-> 3, 3 <-> 1}]; 
g = EdgeDelete[ CompleteGraph[8], {1 <-> 2, 2 <-> 3, 3 <-> 4, 4 <-> 5, 5 <-> 6}]; 
IsomorphicSubgraphQ[h, g]

False

I wonder what went wrong.

 

PS: Subgraph isomorphism is a question I've asked before, and we can refer to the following links and code. https://www.mapleprimes.com/questions/226937-How-To--Test--A--Graph--Whether-Contains

with(GraphTheory):
with(combinat):
T:=DeleteEdge(CompleteGraph(7),{{1,2},{2,3},{3,1}},inplace= false): 
G:=DeleteEdge(CompleteGraph(8),{{1,2},{2,3},{3,4},{4,5},{5,6}},inplace=false): 
nE,nV := NumberOfEdges(T), NumberOfVertices(T):
# Produce all subgraphs of G which have the same number of edges and vertices as the "test" sub-graph T
U:=choose(Edges(G),nE): nops(%):
U1:=select(t -> (nops(`union`(t[]))=nV), U): nops(%):
gL:= Graph~(U1): nops(%):
ans:= [ seq
          ( `if`
            ( IsIsomorphic( T, gL[j] ),
              j,
              NULL
            ),
            j=1..numelems(gL)
          )
        ]:
if   numelems(ans)>0
then HighlightSubgraph( G, gL[ans[1]], edgestylesheet=[thickness=4, color="Red"]);
     DrawGraph(G, style=spring);
fi;

These codes are due to tomleslie  and  vv. According to above codes, it seems that there is something wrong with IsSubgraphIsomorphic too.

restart

with(Physics)

Setup(spacetime)

[spacetimeindices = greek]

(1)

Physics:-Version()

`The "Physics Updates" version in the MapleCloud is 1142 and is the same as the version installed in this computer, created 2022, February 12, 11:16 hours Pacific Time.`

(2)

Define(t[mu])

{Physics:-Dgamma[mu], Physics:-Psigma[mu], Physics:-d_[mu], Physics:-g_[mu, nu], t[mu], Physics:-LeviCivita[alpha, beta, mu, nu]}

(3)

NULL

SumOverRepeatedIndices(t[mu]*t[`~mu`])

t[1]*t[`~1`]+t[2]*t[`~2`]+t[3]*t[`~3`]+t[4]*t[`~4`]

(4)

NULL

SumOverRepeatedIndices(t[mu]*t[`~mu`])

t[1]*t[`~1`]+t[2]*t[`~2`]+t[3]*t[`~3`]+t[4]*t[`~4`]

(5)

NULL

SumOverRepeatedIndices(t[mu]*t[`~&mu;`])

t[mu]*t[`~&mu;`]

(6)

NULL

Download greek-index.mw

Why int gives this error? Is this a known problem?

Update

fyi, This is reported to Maplesoft.

Here is updated worksheet. The int() command does not generate the error the second time it used, but generates the error the very first time used. Hopefully will be fixed in 2022 Maple.
 

interface(version);

`Standard Worksheet Interface, Maple 2021.2, Windows 10, November 23 2021 Build ID 1576349`

restart;

Example 1

 

expr:=(7*x - 3 + sqrt(x^2 + (x^3*(x - 1)^2)^(1/3) - x) + sqrt(-2*((-x^2 + x + (x^3*(x - 1)^2)^(1/3)/2)*sqrt(x^2 + (x^3*(x - 1)^2)^(1/3) - x) + x^2*(x - 1))/sqrt(x^2 + (x^3*(x - 1)^2)^(1/3) - x)))/(12*x*(x - 1));

(1/12)*(7*x-3+(x^2+(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3)-x)^(1/2)+(-2*((-x^2+x+(1/2)*(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3))*(x^2+(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3)-x)^(1/2)+x^2*(x-1))/(x^2+(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3)-x)^(1/2))^(1/2))/(x*(x-1))

int(expr,x)

Error, (in IntegrationTools:-Indefinite:-AlgebraicFunction) invalid argument for sign, lcoeff or tcoeff

int(expr,x)

int((1/12)*(7*x-3+(x^2+(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3)-x)^(1/2)+(-2*((-x^2+x+(1/2)*(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3))*(x^2+(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3)-x)^(1/2)+x^2*(x-1))/(x^2+(x^3*(x-1)^2)^(1/3)-x)^(1/2))^(1/2))/(x*(x-1)), x)


 

Download int_problem_feb_13_2022.mw

As a Maple user for 10+ years, I've had plenty of stack limit errors, pretty much all of them my fault. But I am currently experiencing a very unusual one after updating my Mac from Maple 2019 to Maple 2021.2.

I am running a long script to fetch json data from a url, parse it, and do a bunch of analysis. In most cases it works fine, but some cases give either an "Execution stopped: Stack limit reached." error, or the error "Error, (in type/polynom) result from type `algfun` must be true or false". Both are being caused by calling the gfun:-ratpolytocoeff command.

I kind of think some internal memory of Maple is being accidentally overwritten because I can cause the error to occur or not occur by adding / commenting out random lines of code that have nothing to do with the part of the code causing the problem. I've managed to find a fairly small script that causes the problem to occur:

with(PolynomialIdeals):
url := "https://api.combopal.ru.is/garpur_run/61e5f7acf2e929ff811caad3":

root_func := F[0, x]:

latex:-Settings(useimaginaryunit=i):

data := URL[Get](url):
json := JSON[ParseString](data):
json := JSON[ParseString](data):

debug_solved := (x^5-3*x^4+5*x^3-7*x^2+4*x-1)/(x^5-5*x^4+10*x^3-10*x^2+5*x-1):

debug_gfun := gfun[ratpolytocoeff](debug_solved, x, n);

If I remove ANY of these lines of code, there is no longer any problem, which is very strange because, for example, I'm not using the PolynomialIdeals package anywhere in the script. This particular script works fine on a Linux machine running 2021.0, but yet I am having similar problems on that machine with other cases.

Here's a slightly simpler example in which gfun[ratpolytocoeff] induces a "division by zero" error ("Error, (in convert/fullparfrac/normal_only) numeric exception: division by zero"):

with(PolynomialIdeals):
url := "https://api.combopal.ru.is/garpur_run/61e5f7acf2e929ff811caad3":

latex:-Settings(useimaginaryunit=i):

data := URL[Get](url):
json := JSON[ParseString](data):
json := JSON[ParseString](data):

debug_gfun := gfun[ratpolytocoeff](1/(1-x), x, n);

After the division by zero error, if I press Ctrl+D to close the Maple command line, it prints
"GC Thread signalAbort 0x7000019a5000 Execution stopped: Stack limit reached.".

Is this an internal Maple bug? Is there any workaround? I am pulling my hair out and would be very grateful for any help.

I have defined a function II1norm of one variable. The variable has units "microns". It plots perfecting using a range defined in microns, but gives an error when I try to find the root using NextZero. If I just leave off the "microns" in the second argument, NextRoot just reports "FAIL". If I rewite the worksheet without units, then the NextZero executes fine. Why? How to I use units when finding roots?

Hello there, 

Would you allow me to ask one question?

Is there any way to get a saturated water vapor pressure value with a temperature outside of the range?

The range here means [273.06 K, 647.096 K]. The pressure value certainly exists (T<273.06 K), but the API only comes up with an error. 

Here is the Maple worksheet where I got into this issue:

restart;

with(ThermophysicalData):

with(CoolProp):        

with(Units[Standard]):

with(ScientificConstants):

T2 := (-40.0 + 273.15) * Unit('K');

233.15*Units:-Unit(K)

(1)

xbb := 1: # 100% steam, saturated.

Pg2 := PropsSI("P", "T", T2, "Q", xbb, "water");

Error, (in ThermophysicalData:-CoolProp:-PropsSI) Temperature to QT_flash [233.15 K] must be in range [273.06 K, 647.096 K] : PropsSI("P","T",233.15,"Q",1,"water")

 

 

Download Q20220111.mw

I installed the cloud version of Syrup with xmaple, by clicking the cloud icon, etc. It is loaded with xmaple and cmaple. But, not in maple running in emacs.

with(Syrup);
(**) Error, invalid input: with expects its 1st argument, pname, to be of type
{module, package}, but received Syrup
(**) 

Tom Dean

In this example, i have a top module A. Inside it, I have module named my_RECORD (which happened to be option object) that I want to return back to caller when they call a proc.

Maple allows me to declare the proc to return my_RECORD. No problem., But when making a local variable inside the proc and using o::my_RECORD it complains  that my_RECORD does not exist. 

The solution is to change o::my_RECORD to o::A:-my_RECORD

My question why it did not complain the same way on the return value on the proc?   for me, they are both semantically the same. One says the proc returns this type, and the other says the local variable is this type. So why had to do A:-my_RECORD on one but not the other? 

Here is an example. Maple 2021.2 on windows 10.

restart;

interface(warnlevel=4);
kernelopts('assertlevel'=2):

3

A:=module()
 #this is the RECORD to return
  local module my_RECORD()
   option object;
   export data::string:="";
  end module;
   
  export do_analysis:=proc()::my_RECORD;   
    local o::my_RECORD; #error here. But this is the same above line above?    
    o:=Object(my_RECORD);
    o:-data:="test";
    return o;        
  end proc;
end module;

_m2642451182336

A:-do_analysis()

Error, (in do_analysis) type `my_RECORD` does not exist

#FIXED BELOW
restart;

A:=module()
    #this is the RECORD to return
    local module my_RECORD()
        option object;
        export data::string:="";
    end module;
   
    export do_analysis:=proc()::my_RECORD;
          local o::A:-my_RECORD;    
          o:=Object(my_RECORD);
          o:-data:="test";
          return o;        
    end proc;
end module;

_m2642339719872

A:-do_analysis()

module my_RECORD () export data::string; option object; end module

 

Download A_no_lib.mw

Hi, I am trying to enter into the Mini-Course Computer Algebra for Physicists from the help, but instead of going to the page I get the help page of Physics[FeynmanIntegral]. Can anyone confirm that this happens to them on Maple 2021.2?

Kevin

I can't move files in the navigator window anymore in Maple 2021.2.

Anyone else with the same problems?

Other than saving few bytes of memory, why would one use ::static for methods of Object?

I found that if I use ::static, then I have to add prefix _self:- each time an object data member is referenced anywhere, making the code very hard to read.

Imagine having to write  _self:-x + 3* _self:-x^2 + 2* _self:-y^3 and so on all the time, instead of just x+3*x^2+2*y^3. (where it is assumed here that x,y happened to be object private data members and not local variables for a proc inside the module).

But then I found if I remove  ::static now _self:- no longer needed and can still get the benefit of using the object and the code works as before, but the code is now much more readable. 

I know that by not using static, then a copy of each method is made for each new object.

I am OK with that. As I do not use that many objects any way (few at a time before GC cleans the ones I used).

But the benefit of much more readable code far outweights the little extra memory needed, and memory is cheap these days anyway. I got lots of RAM. An extra few MB's is not a big deal.

What Am I missing here? Why does all the Maple help and documenation say that one should use static for object methods then? But do not mention that by not using static:: then the code will become more readable since _self:- is not needed to be appeneded to each variable or method name.

Here is an example below to compare. 

First example uses ::static methods, and the second does not.

One can see the difference The code is more clear in the second.   Is there something else I am overlooking by not using ::static . I am still learning OOP in Maple, and could be overlooking something else. I definitly do not want to code using _self:-variable_name all the time if I have to use OOP in Maple as it makes the code hard to read. 

Notice that in both examples, and for the exported methods, I used _self as first argument. This is OK. This is meant to allow client of the object to call it using object:-method() syntax which is what I prefer instead of method(object,....). syntax.

I am talking about the execssive use of _self internal to the module/object code when having to use ::static. methods.

restart;

person_class_STATIC:=module()
   option object;
   local age:=5;   

   export set_age::static:=proc(_self,age,$)      
     _self:-age:=age:
   end proc:      

   export update_age::static:=proc(_self,age,$)      
      do_the_update(_self)
   end proc:      

   local do_the_update::static:=proc(_self,$)
      _self:-age:=_self:-age+1;
      _self:-age:=sqrt(_self:-age^2+3);
   end proc;

   export get_age::static:=proc(_self,$)      
     return _self:-age;
   end proc:      

end module:

o:=Object(person_class_STATIC);
o:-set_age(100);
o:-get_age();
o:-update_age();

o2:=Object(person_class_STATIC);
o2:-get_age();

_m1982588380672

100

100

2*2551^(1/2)

_m1982698669216

5

person_class_NO_STATIC:=module()
   option object;
   local age:=5;   

   export set_age:=proc(_self,_age,$)      
     age:=_age:
   end proc:      

   export update_age:=proc(_self,$)      
      do_the_update()
   end proc:      

   local do_the_update:=proc()
      age:=age+1;
      age:=sqrt(age^2+3);
   end proc;

   export get_age:=proc(_self,$)      
     return age;
   end proc:      

end module:

o:=Object(person_class_NO_STATIC);
o:-set_age(100);
o:-get_age();
o:-update_age();

o2:=Object(person_class_NO_STATIC);
o2:-get_age();

_m1982698652256

100

100

2*2551^(1/2)

_m1982698629312

5

 

Download OOP.mw

Hey guys,

How can I create a bar chart or a column chart, with specific x values under the bars.

Would be great If someone could help me.

Thank you;) 

Hi Maple Users,

Microsoft is enticing me to upgrade to Windows 11 from 10 for free. I am a bit hesitant because I don't know if Maple 2021 will continue working as well as in Windows 10. Does anyone have any thoughts or wisdom to share.

Thank you.

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