Maple 2023 Questions and Posts

These are Posts and Questions associated with the product, Maple 2023

Hello,

I'm encountering an issue with the "roots of complex number" message while running my Maple code. Maple seems unable to solve this problem for me.

I would greatly appreciate any ideas or suggestions that could help me resolve this error.

Vib-code.mw

I keep getting an error: invalid subscript selector on specifically this part of my code:

MuligIndgange := subsop(RemoveList\[i\]=NULL, MuligIndgange).
Whenever I comment out the MuligIndgange := part it works.

I can't for the life of me see why it's happening, and whenever I use this code outside my proc it works aswell.

Any help is appreciated, and if you need more context I'll be happy to give it.

for i to numelems(MuligIndgange) do
     if M1[MuligIndgange[i][1], MuligIndgange[i][2]] =/= 0 then
         RemoveList := [op(RemoveList), i];
      end if;
end do;
for i from numelems(RemoveList) by -1 to 1 do
    MuligIndgange := subsop(RemoveList[i] = NULL, MuligIndgange);
end do;

Simple question (I'm sure) here.  I have one worksheet where the variable does not show up in the ouput of an assignment like this:

whereas I was expecting the output to include the variable being assigned like this in most other worksheets:

I am having some difficulting locating the cause (and therefore the setting) to have the behavior set back to including the variable name in the ouput.  Thanks in advance for your help.

Is it possible overlay one column graph on top of another ? And if, how do I do it?

Regards

I have a repetative set of parameter names used in procedures in a package. I settled on making all optional inputs in the format {name::type:=something}. Originally I wanted to use non capitalised names for the optional inputs. But the names clash with Maple commands. I have all sorts of quicky abbreviations like prnt etc. These are both messy and tacky. For many of my choices I would seem to have to use capitalised naming to give a meaningful name. The problem here is these names are used in other Maple packages. So sooner or later there is going to be a clash.

Is there a way a of handling this? Like can I defiine package parameter names? Or should I just stick with my abbreviations?

I read somewhere about this problem in the help years ago. I think Basis was the example used in different packages GroebinerBasis and Polynomial package and using PackageName:-Basis to avoid the clash with both loaded. But that is more a command level handling.

restart

 

illegal:=proc(x,y,{Point:=[symbol=solidcircle,colour=purple]},{Line:=[colour=green,thickness=2]},{Colour:="Blue"},{Scale:=5},{Print:="y"})

print("1 Point= ",Point);  #I currently use points
print("2 Line= ",Line);   #                 linetype
print("3 Colour=  ",Colour); #              clr     this has nothing to do with plotting colour
print("4 Scale= ",Scale);   #               scl   
print("5 Print= ",Print);   #               prnt
Scale*x/y
end proc

 

proc (x, y, { Colour := "Blue", Line := [colour = green, thickness = 2], Point := [symbol = solidcircle, colour = purple], Print := "y", Scale := 5 }) print("1 Point= ", Point); print("2 Line= ", Line); print("3 Colour=  ", Colour); print("4 Scale= ", Scale); print("5 Print= ", Print); Scale*x/y end proc

(1)

illegal(3,7)

"1 Point= ", [symbol = solidcircle, colour = purple]

 

"2 Line= ", [colour = green, thickness = 2]

 

"3 Colour=  ", "Blue"

 

"4 Scale= ", 5

 

"5 Print= ", "y"

 

15/7

(2)

illegal(3,7,line=[linestyle=dash,colour=black,thickness=4])

"1 Point= ", [symbol = solidcircle, colour = purple]

 

"2 Line= ", [colour = green, thickness = 2]

 

"3 Colour=  ", "Blue"

 

"4 Scale= ", 5

 

"5 Print= ", "y"

 

15/7

(3)
 

 

Download 2024-03-09_Illegal_or_Not.mw

I've been writing this code to simulate the orbit of Venus in a simple 2D polar plot, but it keeps telling me that I have insufficient initial conditions, here is the code:

restart:with(Physics):with(VariationalCalculus):with(plots):with(plottools):

R[V] := 0.72*AU: #`starting radius for venus`

AU := 1: #`astronomical unit`

G := 6.674*10^(-11): #`gravitational constant`

m[S] := (333*10^3)*m[E]: #`mass of the sun`

m[V] := 0.815*m[E]: #`mass of venus`

m[E] := 1: #`mass of the earth`

x[V] := t -> r[V](t)*cos(theta[V](t)): #`x-coordinate`

y[V] := t -> r[V](t)*sin(theta[V](t)): #` y-coordinate`

x[VP] := t -> diff(x[V](t), t): #` x-velocity`

y[VP] := t -> diff(y[V](t), t): #`y-velocity`

T[V] := m[V]*simplify(x[VP](t)^2 + y[VP](t)^2)/2: #`kinetic energy of the system`

V[V] := (-G)*m[V]*m[S]*1/r[V](t): #`potential energy of the system`

L[V] := T[V] - V[V]; #`lagrangian of the system`

EL[Vr] := diff(L[V], r[V](t)) - diff(diff(L[V], diff(r[V](t), t)), t) = 0: #` e-l for the r-coordinate`

EL[`Vtheta;`] := diff(L[V], theta[V](t)) - diff(diff(L[V], diff(theta[V](t), t)), t) = 0: #`e-l for the theta-coordinate`

EL[V] := [EL[Vr], EL[`Vtheta;`]]; #` system of equations`

F[V] := G*m[V]*m[S]*1/R[V]^2: #`gravitational force for venus starting position`

omega[V] := sqrt(F[V]*R[V]*1/m[V])*1/R[V]: #`angular velocity for venus starting position`

IC[V] := [r[V](0) = R[V], D(r[V])(0) = 0, theta[V](0) = 0, D(theta[V])(0) = omega[V]]; #`initial conditions, r-position, r-velocity, theta-position, theta-velocity`

SOL := dsolve(EL[V], IC[V], [r[V](t), theta[V](t)], numeric, output = listprocedure); #`numerical solution`

Error, (in dsolve/numeric/type_check) insufficient initial/boundary value information for procedure defined problem
 

I have included both the initial values for r,dr/dt, theta and dtheta/dt.

I'm not sure what other initial conditions I could be missing?

Currently, a stand-alone or embeddable Python is by default bundled with Maple and is installed silently (namely, without notification) when installing Maple, but why is there no prompt panel asking for Python configuration (just like Why does Maple ask for a Matlab installation when I install it? and Configuring the Maple Kernel for Jupyter)? 
Actually, I am wondering why I am not capable of installing Maple without bundling Python (even if I am able to clear those files in $MAPLE/Python.$SYS later). In my opinion, a bundling Python suite is more or less unnecessary; wouldn't it be better to provide a tooltip asking for approval? If one really need to interact with Python, one may instruct Maple to make use of some available local version of Python from the outset (rather than having to install an additional Python interpreter with numerous extra packages that occupy almost 2 GB!), and if one does not require such a functionality, one can simply skip the Python installation and free up 2GB immediately. So, will installing Python (or another popular external program, if it is going to be integrated or connected with Maple in future releases) be optional during the Maple installation process? 

Ubuntu 22.04.

I have Maple-202[1-3] and an old installation of maplev-mode. maplev-mode fails to work.

In the emacs messages buffer, I see (typed from memory):

loading maple
maple loaded
maple not running

I removed all of maplev from my system.
I tried installing from the downloaded master.zip (RELEASE-=NOTES says 3.0.5).
make install fails:

> pwd
/tmp/maplev-master
> make install
Makefile:27: MapleLisp.mk: No such file or directory
make: *** No rule to make target 'MapleLisp.mk'.  Stop.

I tried installing from the cloud, but, failed. The error message (even run as root)

Error, (in PackageTools:-Install) permission denied

Will maplev-mode work?

Tom Dean

Good day to all of you friends, just asking for your kind help.

I have been trying to get solution of the next integral but didn't have succes. The goal of the code is to perfom a variable change.

Best regards

restart

r := simplify(rhs(isolate(r+(2*M*`r__\`+\``+a*m/sigma)*log[10](r/`r__\`+\``-1)/(`r__\`+\``-`r__-`)-(2*M*`r__-`+a*m/sigma)*log[10](r/`r__-`-1)/(`r__\`+\``-`r__-`) = `r__∗`, r)))

Delta := -2*M*r+a^2+r^2

omega := sqrt(r^2+a^2+a*m/sigma)NULL

F := simplify(Delta*lambda*m__p/(2*m__p^2*omega^2*r^2*sigma+2*lambda^2*omega^2*sigma))

`r__∝` := int(F, `r__∗`)

NULL

Download maple_primes_question.mw

Hello
i am using maple 2023 and the physics package and have the following question:
I want to define a gauge-  plus coordinate covariant derivative i.e.
assuming i,j,k are SO(3) indices and greek indices describe 4-dim space-time (not necessary flat)
i need the following derivative:

D_sigma F_i _rho _lambda = nabla_sigma F_i _rho _lambda + epsilon_i ^j ^k  A_j_sigma  F_k~rho~lambda
with _ meaning lower indices and ^ upper indices and nabla the convenient coordinate covariant derivative of general relativity.
F is a tensor objekt with 2 space time indices and 1 so(3) indices (e.g. Yang Mills field strength) and A is the so(3)gauge potential
How can i define this Differentialoperator with the physics package.
I.e. i want to work with SO(3) Yang-Mills Fields in curved space time and need this generalized Differentialoperator
thanks for helping. I hope its clear from this ascii text in the screen
regards Michael

Can I link my MapleCloud application to the Application Center?

Several years ago I uploaded an installable workbook application for Clifford Algebra to the public maplecloud following the guidelines and formats set down in maple help. My intention was to make the application available in the application center, but I just noticed that a package uploaded to MapleCloud is not  available for searching in the Application Center. Unfortunately,the Maple Cloud site for public packages is a mess. One cannot readily browse the applications there like in the application center.

The submissions page for the application center is not helpful in this case. It seems to assume submissions will take the form of maple documents/ worksheets rather than applications written in a workbook). I could not navigate to the Maple Cloud to drop a link to my package using the submission form, but it should be possible to link the the package already installed on the MapleCloud to the Cloud? (Because I is easier to update the MapleCloud package and it can be installed by opening from the Cloud).

I would like to get a (necessary and sufficient) condition on real parameters a, b, and c for which there exists (at least) one non-negative solution to 9*x**4 + c < 9*a*(x - 1) + 3*b*(x**2 - 1) + c*x**3
A convenient way to formulate this is using quantifiers. Unfortunately, if I run 

QuantifierElimination:-QuantifierEliminate(:-exists([x],:-And(x>=0,9*x^4+c<9*a*(x-1)+3*b*(x^2-1)+c*x^3)));

Maple will simply output 

Error, (in RootFinding:-RSGateway:-refine_uni_tri) invalid input: RootFinding:-RSGateway:-try_refine_iso_tri expects its 1st argument, box, to be of type nonemptylist([rational, rational]), but received [8019*x^2+(-9*v__2^2-96552*v__2-279834912)*x+49*v__2^3+78318*v__2^2-387436932*v__2+121801800168, v__2^4+2052*v__2^3-5536296*v__2^2+3575222064*v__2-710903793888]

As an alternative method, one can execute 

RealDomain:-solve([x >= 0, 9*x**4 + c < 9*a*(x - 1) + 3*b*(x**2 - 1) + c*x**3], 'parameters' = {a, b, c});
Warning,  computation interrupted

Regretfully, this time the computation is not done in several minutes (so one may have to abort it manually). 

So, what is the proper approach to the above problem in Maple (without any a priori knowledge, if possible)?

Do you think this is a bug? I do not understand solve output. Will send to Maplesoft just in case.

It happens also on Maple 2022. Does it give same result on earlier versions?

2312

interface(version);

`Standard Worksheet Interface, Maple 2023.2, Windows 10, November 24 2023 Build ID 1762575`

Physics:-Version();

`The "Physics Updates" version in the MapleCloud is 1672 and is the same as the version installed in this computer, created 2024, February 7, 18:34 hours Pacific Time.`

eq:=1 = exp(-4-c1)/(-exp(-2*c1-8)/LambertW(-exp(-2*c1-8)))^(1/2);
solve(eq,c1)

1 = exp(-4-c1)/(-exp(-2*c1-8)/LambertW(-exp(-2*c1-8)))^(1/2)

-4-(1/2)*ln(_S000003)

PDEtools:-Solve(eq,c1)

c1 = -7/2

Download strange_output_from_solve_feb_17_2024.mw

I am trying to calculate the line element ds^2, for a de Sitter spacetime in 2+1 dimensions with positive cosmological constant, using the following metric and energy moment tensor:
1- ds² = -A(r) c^2 dt^2 + B(r) dr^2 + r^2d{\theta}^2,
2- T^{\mu \nu} = -(\rho + p) dx^{\mu} dx^{\nu} + p g^{\mu \nu}.

I tried several ways but I can't solve it using Maple 2023, Physics package. Could someone show me step by step how to solve this problem?

Images of the line element we need to find, the metric tensor associated with the problem and the components of the Riemann tensor.
My goal is to calculate the metric tensor, line element and associated components of the Riemann tensor for De Sitter spacetime with positive cosmological constant.

I'm currently addressing a problem related to modified Bessel functions using an older version of Maple (the specific version escapes my memory). In an attempt to resolve issues, I've experimented with the trial version of Maple 2023, but I've encountered an unusual phenomenon. Expressions that were previously simplifiable in Maple now resist simplification. The specific expression provided below, which should equate to 1, fails to be recognized as such by Maple. This poses a concern as it could lead to overly complex expressions in subsequent steps, considering this expression is only an intermediate stage. Is there a recommended approach to overcome this challenge?

f := (BesselI(0, alpha)*alpha-2*BesselI(1, alpha))/(BesselK(0, alpha)*BesselI(1, alpha)*BesselI(0, alpha)*alpha^2+BesselK(1, alpha)*BesselI(0, alpha)^2*alpha^2-2*BesselI(1, alpha))

(BesselI(0, alpha)*alpha-2*BesselI(1, alpha))/(BesselK(0, alpha)*BesselI(1, alpha)*BesselI(0, alpha)*alpha^2+BesselK(1, alpha)*BesselI(0, alpha)^2*alpha^2-2*BesselI(1, alpha))

simplify(f)

(BesselI(0, alpha)*alpha-2*BesselI(1, alpha))/(BesselK(0, alpha)*BesselI(1, alpha)*BesselI(0, alpha)*alpha^2+BesselK(1, alpha)*BesselI(0, alpha)^2*alpha^2-2*BesselI(1, alpha))

eval(f, alpha = .25)

1.000000000

NULL

Download question.mw

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