# Question:Solution of the boundary value problem for ODE using optimization methods.

## Question:Solution of the boundary value problem for ODE using optimization methods.

Maple

Example of Duffing equation with boundary conditions.
y'' + 0.2y' + y^3 - 0.3cos(s) = 0;
y(0) = y (2Pi);
y'(0) = y'(2Pi);
For convenience, we replace the original equation with a system of two first order equations:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
x1'(t) = 2*Pi*x2(t);
x2'(t) = - 0.4*Pi*x2(t) - 2*Pi*x1(t)^3 +0.6*Pi*cos(2*Pi*t);
x1(0) = x1(1);
x2(0) = x2(1);
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
I have long wanted to apply an optimization package to solve a boundary value problem for ODE. The decision helped procedure for solving ODE, written by forum member vv.
It seems to me that two solutions have been found and that the solutions are weakly sensitive to the initial approximations. These are two closed trajectories. For example, these are points that belong to these solutions:
(0.5966963,  1.0482816) , ( - 0.3132584, 0.0664941).
I am wondering: are the solutions right, and how justified is the use of optimization methods for such tasks?
At the end of the program, the solution is checked on the original Duffing equation using standard Maple functions.   Duffing_equation_BC.mw

(In the figures, the trajectory bypass occurs three times.)

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